boobscape back to the studio

time to get back into the studio… time to follow the worldly entanglements this work is leading me through.  An excerpt of my recent talk below reveals some of these – and there are many more leaky strands, further twists and knots gather in the possibilities and limitations of species blurring, multi-species nurturing, bio-economies, and mammal-free milk, art histories and feminist art practices, and the environmental impacts on the more-than-human world we inhabit.  I hope to find somewhere to exhibit this envisage large scale work in 2018.

boobscape: the breasts bud and form and mutate; there are supernumerary teats, prepubescent nipples, worn nipples, breasts, multiple mammaries, and mammal mammary lactations. Calves can be born with an extra teat, a supernumerary teat, a sprig or a web teat, these are removed because they can interfere with future milk collection practices. They can be cut off with scissors, the code recommends but does not enforce pain relief. Teats are unwanted items in leather production, waste by-products. These additional growth like teats, multiple nipples budding are also forms that incorporate the more than animal world.

Leaking Lactations: This is not the dripping wet performativity of abjection, this is not where abjection lies in this work. Although abjection lurks around, in those leaky nipples, those pendulous maternal breasts, paying homage to the maternal foremothers of the monstrous feminine, but I step carefully around the abyss of abjection, to avoid reproducing the abjection of the animal body, and to avoid what Imogen Tyler calls those “histories of violent disgust towards maternal bodies”[1]

There is an art historical lineage of multiple breasts, and breast-feeding by humans and animals – animals feeding humans and humans feeding humans, all kinds of interspecies feedings, nuturings and sucklings. Folk stories tell of lost children raised by bears, wolves. Suckling goes both ways, but these knowledges mostly in the realm of internet fascination and fetishisation.  Interspecies suckling like adults drinking human breast milk – is a site of taboo, myth, metaphor and humour. Societal abjection dwells in the revolt and disgust that circulates around whose milk? the naturalised drinking of the mammary fluids of particularly culturally approved domesticated mammal species, the ‘horror’ of accidentally drinking human breast milk, the outrage at women breast feeding in public, breasts in the wrong places, or breast feeding an infant for too many years, or breast feeding other species,[2] who is it okay to feed? who is it okay to milk?

When I blur the boundaries between species I see a history that has animal and human-animal suckling closely entwined, although these are no utopian spaces, human needs  surmounting animal needs. Opting[3] out of breast feeding historically was based on class and wealth and necessity, both animals and humans have served as wet nurses. Bottle feeding formula, once an emergency supplement, was marketed as the healthy Dr’s choice, emancipating women from the labour of child raising, while depending upon the domination and exploitation of another species. While it was possible in the eighties to say that the “chemical and immunological characteristics of milk were highly species specific, so that attempts to ‘humanise’ ruminant milks were something of a biochemical nonsense”[4] Advances in biotechnology have changed this, and while transgenic cows are still aspirational, the demand for milk formulas will ensure that experiments such as those in 2011 in which 300 cows were given human genes in order to produce human breast milk will continue.[5]

[1] Imogen Tyler – What is ‘social abjection’? available online https://socialabjection.wordpress.com/what-is-social-abjection/

[2] Breast-feeding of Animals by Women: Its Socio-Cultural Context and Geographic Occurrance, Frederick J Simoons, James A Baldwin, Anthropos, 77, 1982

[3] http://domesticgeekgirl.com/health-home/history-baby-formula-emergency-baby-food-became-everyday-meal-babies-america/

[4] ‘Reproduction in Mammals: Vol 3, Hormonal control of reproduction’, Austin & Short, Cambridge Uni Press, 1984, 228

[5] (Daily Mail article/reuters etc. 16/6/11 Classical Medicine Journal (14 April 2010). “Genetically modified cows producing human milk.”. Archived from the original on 2014-11-06. Also – Argentina ‘Rosita’ a transgenic cows Cows – Yapp, Robin (11 June 2011). “Scientists create cow that produces ‘human’ milk”. The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 15 June 2012.)”

 

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Dear Dairy

Just back from the Dear Dairy: The True Cost of Milk Symposium hosted by the New Zealand Centre for Human-Animal Studies (NZCHAS).  I was invited to give a keynote presentation – and gave a talk about how the lives and deaths of dairy cattle have influenced my art practice.  It was stunning to be presenting among such wonderful co-presenters – and I think we covered the environmental, ethical and welfare issues caused by the dairy industry as well starting the important dialogue about – where to from here…

The program is available: Dear Dairy Programme 21 July 2017

Dear Dairy: The True Cost of Milk

NZ speakers

Speakers at Dear Dairy: The True Cost of Milk.  Friday 21st July 2017
hosted by the New Zealand Centre for Human-Animal Studies, University of Canterbury
Organisers Kirsty Dunn and Annie Potts
(from left to right: Alison Loveridge, Yamini Narayanan, Lynley Tulloch, Kathryn Stringer, Rowan Taylor, Iselin Gambert, lynn mowson, Tobias Linné, Andrew Knight, Jasmijn DeBoo, Prabha Mallya (graphic illustrator for the conference), Philip Armstrong.

 

Animal Intersections

mowsonboobscapehorizontal3mb

I’ll be presenting on the Art Panel at Animal Intersections #AASA2017, The University of Adelaide on Monday 3 July.  Also a new installation/iteration of my work boobscape, 2017 will be featured in the exhibition of the same name being held at The Peanut Gallery and Nexus Arts between 4-16 July, Adelaide.  More info coming soon.

Dear Dairy: Counting the True Cost of Milk

Really looking forward to heading to NZ in July to speak about the impact of the lives and deaths of dairy cattle on my art practice.

Dear Dairy is a one day symposium hosted by the New Zealand Centre for Human-Animal Studies (NZCHAS), University of Canterbury, Ōtautahi/ Christchurch on Friday 21 July

Keynote speakers:
Dr Lynn Mowson, Human-Rights and Animal Ethics Research Network [HRAE], University of Melbourne, Vice-Chair of the Australasian Animal Studies Association:  ‘beautiful little dead things and udder-matters’
Dr Tobias Linné, Director of the Lund University Critical Animal Studies Network, Sweden, and Professor Iselin Gambert, Associate Director, Legal Research & Writing Program, The George Washington University Law School, USA: ‘Got Mylk? Uncoupling the Exploitation of Milk’
Invited Plenaries:
Associate Professor Philip Armstrong, New Zealand Centre for Human-Animal Studies, University of Canterbury:  ‘Welcome to the Milk Machine: The History of Pastoral Industrialization in Aotearoa New Zealand’
Dr Melissa Boyde, Senior Research Fellow, School of Arts, English and Media, Wollongong University, Australia: ‘Condensed Lives: Hope in Australia’s Dairy Industry’
Jasmijn DeBoo, CEO of Save Animals from Exploitation, New Zealand:‘The Green Protein Revolution – Policy Solutions to Move Away from Dairy Farming’
Professor Andrew Knight, Director of the Centre for Animal Welfare, University of Winchester, and Director of Research and Education with SAFE: ‘Welfare Problems Experienced by Dairy Cows’
Dr Alison Loveridge, Department of Anthropology and Sociology, University of Canterbury: ‘The Last Frontier: High Country Dairying and the Complexity of Welfare’
Rowan Taylor, Senior Policy Analyst at Ministry for the Environment, Canterbury & West Coast, New Zealand: ‘Dire Dairy and the State of the Environment’
Dr Lynley Tulloch PhD Geography, founder of Starfish Bobby Calf Project:
‘The Story of Starfish Bobby Calf Project: Activist Ethnography in the New Zealand Dairy Industry’